Chamber, Workers and Salaried Employees

   / Arbeiterkammer
   Set up in 1920 and reestablished in 1945, these organizations are peculiar to the Austrian sociopolitical structure. They oversee the interests of the generality of wage earners. Only high civil servants, along with agricultural and forestry workers, are exempt. Vienna and the Burgenland are exceptions to this rule. Should a worker lose his or her position, the regional chamber continues to represent that person for a fixed amount of time. Each of the nine Austrian provinces has such an organization; there is also a countrywide central chamber. Like the other Austrian chambers (for employers, farmers, and trade unions), workers’ chambers have consultative rights in legislative matters that bear upon their constituency. They can suggest measures to the government and are especially active safeguarding working conditions and living standards for their constituents and their dependents. They also establish apprenticeships and have much to say about measures to protect the young who serve in them. Workers’ chambers cooperate with the trade unions and employers on these questions. A full congress of these organizations meets every five years. Austrian citizenship is not required to become a delegate to this body.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chamber, Agricultural —    / Landwirtschaftskammer.    Popularly known as the Peasants Chambers, the various branches of this decentralized organization represent the interests of small farmers and forestry enterprises in economic and political affairs that affect them …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Chamber, Economic —    / Wirtschaftskammer    The oldest of Austria’s four self governing corporations legally empowered to speak for the major interest groups of its economy, this chamber was an outcome of the Revolutions of 1848. At first these organizations… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Parity Commission for Prices and Wages —    / Paritätische Kommission    Together with Proportionality or Proporz, the Parity Commission was a major instrument of social stability in Austria after World War II. Established in March 1957, during a period of inflation, it consisted of two …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview        Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… …   Universalium

  • Austrian Federation of Trade Unions —    / Österreichische Gewerkschaftsbund    (ÖGB)    A supraparty corporative organization of all members of trade unions, the federation was established in 1945. It represents the interests of industrial labor before the government. Approximately… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • May Constitution —    / Mai Verfassung    Promulgated on 1 May 1934 by the coalition government led by Engelbert Dollfuss of the Christian Social Party (CP), the May Constitution provided for an Austrian federal state based on principles of Roman Catholicism,… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • ECONOMIC HISTORY — This article is arranged according to the following outline: first temple period exile and restoration second temple period talmudic era muslim middle ages medieval christendom economic doctrines early modern period sephardim and ashkenazim… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… …   Universalium

  • Mock, Alois — (1934–)    Born in Lower Austria, Mock entered government service and national politics in the camp of the Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP) as a young man. A strong advocate of European integration throughout his entire career, he served from 1962… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.